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  • Elementary

Mathematics concepts assessed in First Grade

Mathematics concepts assessed in First Grade include:

Number and Operations

Use place value to describe whole numbers between 10 and 100 in terms of tens and ones. Read, write and represent whole numbers up to 120. Count, with and without objects, forward and backward from any given number up to 120. Compose and decompose numbers up to 12 with an emphasis on making ten. (For example: given 3 blocks, 7 more blocks are needed to make 10.) Skip count by 2s, 5s, and 10s.


Recognize and create patterns; use rules to describe patterns. Use addition or subtraction basic facts to represent a given problem situation using a number sentence. (For example: 5 + 3 = 8 could be used to represent a situation in which 5 red balloons are combined with 3 blue balloons to make 8 total balloons.

Geometry and Measurement

Describe characteristics of two- and three-dimensional objects, such as triangles, squares, rectangles, circles, rectangular prisms, cylinders, cones and spheres. Describe characteristics of basic shapes.

  • Grade 1